CANDIDA ALBICANS: Fungi are the most common parasites, led by Candida Albicans. Candida organisms are natural residents of the body, but are normally found in harmless proportions. The body's natural defense against fungus infection is its resident population of normal Candida appears to follow certain therapies like antibiotics, corticosteroids, and immunosupressents. In such cases the good bacteria that usually protect the GI tract are compromised and give way to the fungi.
THRUSH: a fungal infection typically appearing as a bright-red diaper rash that doesn't respond to the usual rash ointments. It can also appear as white patches in the mouth that leave red sores. Thrush can be acquired by the newborn when passing through the birth canal, or it may follow a course of antibiotics.
Symptoms include poor immune response, vaginal yeast infections, sugar cravings and sleeplessness.
Diagnosis - Candida can be shown by finding yeast and pseudohyphae in gram-stained specimens or in potassium hydroxide mounts of scrapings from a lesion. Because Candida is a commensal of humans, isolation of the organism in culture from the skin, mouth, vagina, urine, sputum, or stool should be interpreted cautiously. To confirm the diagnosis, a characteristic clinical lesion, exclusion of other causes, and, at times, histologic evidence of tissue invasion are needed.